30 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》第一部分 WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

第二部分 TEXT

Children who play truant from school are unimaginative.A quiet day’s fishing, or eight hours in a cinema seeing the same film over and over again, is usually as far as they get. They have all been put to shame by a boy who, while playing truant, travelled 1,600 miles.He hitchhiked to Dover and, towards evening, went into a boat to find somewhere to sleep. When he woke up next morning, he discovered that the boat had, in the meantime, travelled to Calais. No one noticed the boy as he crept off .From there, he hitchhiked to Paris in a lorry. The driver gave him a few biscuits and a cup of coffee and left him just outside the city. The next car the boy stopped did not take him into the center of Paris as he hoped it would, but to Perpignan on the French-Spanish border. There he was picked up by a policeman and sent back to England by the local authorities. He has surely set up a record for the thousands of children who dream of evading school.

参考译文

逃学的孩子们都缺乏想像力。他们通常能够做到的,至多也就是安静地钓上一天鱼,或在电影院里坐上8个小时,一遍遍地看同一部电影。而有那么一个小男孩,他在逃学期间旅行了1,600英里,从而使上述所有逃学的孩子们都相形见绌了。他搭便车到了多佛,天快黑时钻进了一条船,想找个地方睡觉。第二天早上他醒来时,发现船在这段时间已经到了加莱。当男孩从船里爬出来时,谁也没有发现他。从那里他又搭上卡车到了巴黎。司机给了他几块饼干和一杯咖啡,就把他丢在了城外。男孩截住的下一辆车,没有像他希望的那样把他带到巴黎市中心,而是把他带到了法国和西班牙边界上的佩皮尼昂。他在那儿被一个警察抓住了,之后被当局送回了英国。他无疑为成千上万梦想逃避上学的孩子们创造了一项纪录。

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1、Children who play truant from school are unimaginative.
unimaginative: un+imaginative(前缀un对后面的adj.进行否定)
Ex
happy/unhappy
able/unable
acceptable/unacceptable, etc.

play truant from school:逃学,也可以说play truant

2、A quiet day’s fishing, or eight hours in a cinema seeing the same film over and over again, is usually as far as they get.
as far as:能够达到的程度;就…而言
over and over again:固定短语,表示”一再地”、”反复许多次地”:
语言点
这句话的主语是is前面的两个并列短语。第1个短语的主要成分是动名词fishing,第2个短语的主要成分可以看做是eight hours(作为一个时间总量,它后面要跟动词单数形式)。它实际上是省略了动名词 sitting for(eight hours),seeing引导的为分词短语,表示伴随动作

3、They have all been put to shame by a boy who, while playing truant, travelled 1,600 miles.
put sb. to shame:使某人感到羞愧,使……黯然失色
while playing truant:是分词短语作状语。相当于一个状语从句while he was playing truant。
语言点
时态:现在完成时 语态:被动语态

4、 When he woke up next morning, he discovered that the boat had, in the meantime, travelled to Calais.
in the meantime:与此同时

5、There he was picked up by a policeman and sent back to England by the local authorities.
pick up:把..拾起来;到某处接人;被(警察/某个政府机构)拘捕而进行询问

6、He has surely set up a record for the thousands of children who dream of evading school.
thousands of:成千上万的
Ex
tens of:成十上百的
hundreds of:成百上千的
millions of:数百万的
billions of:数亿的

dream of doing sth.:梦想做…

第四部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

课文中句子结构分析

定语从句(attributive clause)
=>Children who play truant from school are unimaginative.
=>They have all been put to shame by a boy who, while playing truant, travelled 1,600 miles.

状语从句 (adverbial clause) &宾语从句 (object clause)
=>When he woke up next morning, he discovered that the boat had, in the meantime, travelled to Calais.
=>No one noticed the boy as he crept off

如需要了解其他更多语法点,请查阅HJ英语语法大全在线词典 (点击进入)

Exercises
一、中译英
1、他和你还是挺相象的,就脑袋和脸部而言
2、就文学而言,我的感觉不是特别敏锐,我更喜欢历史
3、他的案子还有好几个月法庭才会受理,但与此同时有超过半数的人认为他有罪的
4、很久以后我们终于被释放了。与此同时,我们的朋友已经通知了报界
5、电话铃响了,Judy把电话拿了起来
6、我可能会让我的兄弟来接我
7、他被政府官员带走,对他提一些问题

二、课文理解
1 How did the boy get to Dover?
(a) He walked.
(b) He went by train.
(c) Someone gave him a lift.
(d) He went in a lorry

2 The boy __.
(a) didn’t expect to be taken to Perpignan
(b) decided to go to Perpignan
(c) went to Paris
(d) wanted to go to Spain

30 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》专辑名称:Waiting For Your Letter EP
专辑歌手:Cary Brothers
专辑流派:Alternative Pop/Folk
发行时间:2005

Cary Brothers可能很多人都没有听过,不过他的歌曲可不是一般的出名,电影、电视、之声、咖啡馆几乎都放过他的歌,而且好评如潮。这张EP是他2005年发行的,整张只有5首歌,但每一首都是不可多得的好作品,Ride和Waiting For Your Letter有着英伦摇滚的味道,吉他与鼓点营造出一个绚丽世界,而人声而给这个世界抹上一层淡灰,原来忧愁也可以这样的美丽,Loneliest Girl in the World与Forget About You则泛着民谣的清新,像春日里的绵绵细雨,在给与生命以滋润的同时,也在人们的心中落下几缕愁丝……

专辑曲目:

01.Ride
02.Waiting For Your Letter

03.Loneliest Girl in the World
04.Wasted One

05.Forget About You

30 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》Caffeine

Many of us have a love-hate relationship with caffeine. So is it good for us or not?

Apr.18
(双击或划选你想要翻译的单词或词组即可看到注解)

All natural
Of course caffeine is good for us! Caffeine is one of the most common drugs in the world. It’s naturally found in coffee beans, tea, cacao seeds, kola nuts and dozens of other plants. It’s a gift from Mother Nature!

Benefits
The responsible use of caffeine can make us more alert and energetic, and it can improve our concentration and coordination. Caffeine has been known to relieve migraines, and it also helps us lose weight by suppressing our appetite. In addition, caffeine helps our bodies absorb medications more quickly, bringing relief faster.

More benefits
Many of us have heard the statistic that heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. The good news for those at risk – everywhere – is that caffeine has been shown to reduce this threat significantly.

Caffeine brings good news to the elderly too. It seems older people have better memory retention after taking small doses of this wonder drug.

Caffeine is the all-natural performance-endurance enhancer for athletes. Taken 30 to 60 minutes before a workout, it helps athletes run faster and harder without feeling tired. And, it’s legal.

Stay away from caffeine? Are you kidding?

Word Bank:

Mother Nature (n)大自然
Mother Nature sure seems angry. That storm is severe!

medication (n)药物
The doctor told Nancy to take her medication three times a day.

retention (n)保有,保持
Charlie’s incredible retention of foreign words and phrases serves him well, especially when he travels.

endurance (n)耐力
Peggy is a great athlete. She has enough endurance to run all day long!

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29 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》原汁原味故事,风趣实用英语。
通过常见的生活场景,听写重点单词,学习美国地道的常用词汇。
(资料来源:《Drew和Nancy的美国生活英语》 大连理工大学出版社)

〖At the coffee shop〗
<听写方式: 填空, 一空一词, 不用带数字序号>
B: Hi. Are you ready to order?
C: Yes, I’ll have a hot 1 cafe 2 with 3 milk. And you, Mina?
A: Um, can I get a tall 4, extra 5 with a shot of 6?
B: Hot or iced?
A: Oh, hot.
B: For here or to go?
C: To go.
B: And what is your name, please?
C: Kevin and Mina.
B: Okay, that’ll be $5.49. Please get your coffee at the next 7.
D: Wow, ordering coffee sounds complicated.
C: Oh, you get the hang of it as soon as you find what kind of coffee you like.
D: Well, what kind of coffee did you order? What does grande cafe latte with skim milk mean?
C: Well “grande” means you want the medium-sized cafe latte cup. A cafe latte is a shot or two of 8 with milk. I ordered skim milk because it does not have as much fat as whole milk does.
A: Why? Are you trying to watch your weight, Kevin?
D: Hmm, I see. But what did you order, Mina? I forgot.
A: Oh, I got a cappuccino which also has shots of espresso and milk.
D: Then what is the difference between that and a cafe latte?
A: Cappuccinos have milk that is beat into a foam on top. Also I order the 9 size so my drink is smaller that Kevin’s.
D: I got it. I think I’m too scared to get my own drink though. I think coffee is too bitter.
A: Don’t worry, you can try some of my drink when the order comes up. The hazelnut 10 will make it sweeter than normal coffee.
D: Sure, but we had better make it back to the office soon. Lunch break is almost over!
<友情提示>
若页面过长造成听写不便,在听写框的右上角点击“弹出答题纸”即可。
每期听写的重点单词会存放在翻译稿里,可在听写完后查看。
最后,欢迎推荐给你的好友 😀

【听写回顾】点击回顾上一期听写»

grande latte skim cappuccino foamy hazelnut counter espresso tall flavoring
<本期重点词汇> 今天的精华都在译文里~ 请仔细对照原文学习 : ) <参考译文> B: 嗨。可以点了吗? C: 是的,我要一中杯脱脂的拿铁咖啡,你呢,麦娜? A: 嗯,我想要一小杯卡布奇诺,奶泡里带一些榛仁。 B: 热的还是冰的? A: 哦,热的。 B: 在这用还是带走? C: 带走。 B: 请告诉我你们的名字吧? C: 凯文和麦娜。 B: 好了,一共是5.49美元。请到旁边的柜台拿咖啡。 D: 哎,叫个咖啡好像挺复杂的。 C: 哦,一找到你喜欢的咖啡就简单了。 D: 那么,你叫了什么咖啡?中杯脱脂奶的拿铁咖啡是什么样的? C: 啊,“grande”意思就是中杯的咖啡,A cafe latte就是一两杯带奶的浓缩咖啡。我叫脱脂奶是因为它不像全脂奶那样有很多的脂肪。 A: 是吗?凯文,你在意你的体重吗? D: 嗯,我知道了。麦娜,你叫了什么?我忘了。 A: 我叫了卡布奇诺,也是带有浓缩咖啡和牛奶的。 D: 那么卡布奇诺和拿铁咖啡两者之间有什么区别? A: 卡布奇诺上面带有牛奶带出的奶泡,而且我点的是一小杯,所以我的比凯文的小。 D: 懂了。我想我还是很难清楚地叫我的那份。我觉得咖啡太苦了。 A: 别紧张,我的咖啡来的时候你可以尝尝。带榛仁的咖啡喝起来会比普通咖啡更甜一些。 D: 好,我们最好快一点回办公室。午餐时间快结束了。

29 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》标题不用听写,请直接从正文部分开始听写。
Hints:
Avenue de L’Opera
Starbucks
Champs Elysee
a passion pour le cafe
Bill O’Shea
Friends
Parisian petit noir coffee

A form of alien civilization has finally landed in Paris -unfamiliar green and black signs have appeared on the Avenue de L’Opera. It is the first Starbucks cafe to boldly go where no Starbucks has gone before, onto potentially hostile French territory. Its advertising posters on the Champs Elysee announce “Starbucks – a passion pour le cafe”. But is the company aware of the risk it is taking by challenging the very birthplace of cafe society? “I think every time we come into a new market we do it with a great sense of respect, a great deal of interest in how that cafe society has developed over time,” Bill O’Shea of Starbucks says. “We recognize there is a huge history here of cafe society and we have every confidence we can enjoy, augment and join in that passion.” And he may be right. Despite some sniffiness in the French press, some younger French are expressing their excitement that they will finally be able to visit the kind of cafe they love to watch on the US TV series Friends. In fact, for some, it is an exotic rarity, far more exciting than the average French cafe. Melissa, aged 18, says she can hardly wait: “I love Starbucks caramel coffee -it’s very good and I like the concept that they’re opening in Paris. I think Starbucks will be OK for French people.” An American tourist is equally excited when she spots the sign – this could be just the thing to help her get over the occasional twinge of homesickness. “I love the French cafes, but Starbucks is so popular in the States and it’s become part of American culture and now it’s come to France, and that’s OK,” she said. But that is the problem for many French, who do not want France to be just like the rest of the world: with standardized disposal cups of coffee – identical in 7,000 branches around the world – even if they are termed handcrafted beverages. At the traditional cafes, customers worry that the big US coffee house chains could drive out small, family-owned cafes. Others here think they could come round to the idea of Starbucks, though for them it would never replace the corner cafe or the typical Parisian petit noir coffee.

29 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》标题不用听写,请直接从正文部分开始听写。
Hints:
Avenue de L’Opera
Starbucks
Champs Elysee
a passion pour le cafe
Bill O’Shea
Friends
Parisian petit noir coffee

A form of alien civilization has finally landed in Paris -unfamiliar green and black signs have appeared on the Avenue de L’Opera. It is the first Starbucks cafe to boldly go where no Starbucks has gone before, onto potentially hostile French territory. Its advertising posters on the Champs Elysee announce “Starbucks – a passion pour le cafe”. But is the company aware of the risk it is taking by challenging the very birthplace of cafe society? “I think every time we come into a new market we do it with a great sense of respect, a great deal of interest in how that cafe society has developed over time,” Bill O’Shea of Starbucks says. “We recognize there is a huge history here of cafe society and we have every confidence we can enjoy, augment and join in that passion.” And he may be right. Despite some sniffiness in the French press, some younger French are expressing their excitement that they will finally be able to visit the kind of cafe they love to watch on the US TV series Friends. In fact, for some, it is an exotic rarity, far more exciting than the average French cafe. Melissa, aged 18, says she can hardly wait: “I love Starbucks caramel coffee -it’s very good and I like the concept that they’re opening in Paris. I think Starbucks will be OK for French people.” An American tourist is equally excited when she spots the sign – this could be just the thing to help her get over the occasional twinge of homesickness. “I love the French cafes, but Starbucks is so popular in the States and it’s become part of American culture and now it’s come to France, and that’s OK,” she said. But that is the problem for many French, who do not want France to be just like the rest of the world: with standardized disposal cups of coffee – identical in 7,000 branches around the world – even if they are termed handcrafted beverages. At the traditional cafes, customers worry that the big US coffee house chains could drive out small, family-owned cafes. Others here think they could come round to the idea of Starbucks, though for them it would never replace the corner cafe or the typical Parisian petit noir coffee.

29 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》原汁原味故事,风趣实用英语。
通过常见的生活场景,听写重点单词,学习美国地道的常用词汇。
(资料来源:《Drew和Nancy的美国生活英语》 大连理工大学出版社)

〖At the table〗
<听写方式: 填空, 一空一词, 不用带数字序号>
A: So, did you hear that Mark quit this morning?
B: No! Why did he quit?
C: I heard he just wants more time with his family so he’s going to take a job with another firm that requires less hours.
A: Well I heard it was because he never gets along with our boss and thinks he gets put in all of the worst work groups.
B: Do you think that’s true?
A: I’m not really sure. I guess we could just ask him.
C: Ah, water 1 talk can be so interesting sometimes. We have nothing better to talk about than our coworkers I guess.
B: I just don’t like it when people spread 2 about other workers without talking to them face to face.
A: Well, after lunch let’s go see if we can find Mark packing up his office. Then we can ask him ourselves why he quit!
C: Wait a second, Mina, can we make a quick trip to get coffee first? I need to get my 3 fix before lunch is over.
A: Good idea. I was running late this morning so I didn’t get my normal cup of 4 yet either. Lo, want to come?
B: I don’t really like coffee that much but I’ll 5 along.

<友情提示>
若页面过长造成听写不便,在听写框的右上角点击“弹出答题纸”即可。
每期听写的重点单词会存放在翻译稿里,可在听写完后查看。
最后,欢迎推荐给你的好友 😀

28 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》Hello,欢迎来沪江网校学习

新人福利!→→热门好课,0元任性学

导语:风味饮品咖啡人人爱,如果你还是只知道往咖啡里加糖加奶就跟不上节奏了。咖啡风味要调,如柠檬可以去咖啡的酸味,盐可以把咖啡的香味激发出来,而豆蔻等香料还可以增加药用价值。这10种食材会让你的咖啡更好喝哦!你猜都有哪些?

Butter
黄油
The nutritional benefits behind this seemingly odd drink include improved work performance. Use grass-fed butter, which is a heart-healthy superfood rich in antioxidants and body fat-burning vitamins.
这一饮品看似奇怪,其营养价值可以提高工作效率。产自食草奶牛的黄油有益心脏,是富含抗氧化物和燃脂维他命的超级食品。

Salt

If you make your own coffee at home, try adding it to your coffee grounds before brewing, or to your cold brew to really maximize the flavor.
如果你家里煮咖啡,试试看煮之前在研磨咖啡里加点盐,或者加到冰滴咖啡里,让风味充分发挥。

Cardamom
小豆蔻
Make your morning coffee exotic by adding this Middle Eastern spice to your cup, which also acts as a neutralizer for the effects of caffeine. Cardamom was also commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine to lift spirits, reduce pain, and induce a calm state of mind.
晨起把小豆蔻这一中东香料加到你的咖啡中,你的咖啡会颇具异国情调。小豆蔻也常常用于印度传统医学,以振奋精神、减缓疼痛、让人心平气和。

Egg
鸡蛋
Scandanavian egg coffee is a made by mixing a whole raw egg into coffee grounds, then boiling it in water. It results in a separation of the coffee grounds and the water, free of sediment or cloudiness. Straining it results in an amber-colored coffee that is only mildly bitter and that still contains the essential oils from the coffee beans.
斯堪的纳维亚鸡蛋咖啡是把整只生鸡蛋与研磨咖啡混合,加水煮开后,研磨咖啡粉与水分离,没有沉淀、也不浑浊。滴滤后得到琥珀色咖啡,苦涩度适宜,仍然包含咖啡豆的植物精油。

Ice Cream
冰激凌
It’s the perfect substitute for cream and sugar, making your coffee that much sweeter and easier to drink.
奶油和糖的绝佳替代品,你的咖啡更甜了也更好喝了。

Coconut Oil
椰子油
A spoonful of coconut oil will help speed up your metabolism, boost your immune system, and leave you feeling more satisfied.
一勺椰子油有助你加快新陈代谢,增强免疫系统,让你心满意足。

Oatmeal
燕麦
Add raw oatmeal into your hot cup of coffee until the oatmeal is cooked through. Add cinnamon, honey, or sugar for extra flavor and sweetness.
把生燕麦片加到热咖啡里直到煮透。若要其它风味或是增加添堵,就加点肉桂、蜂蜜和糖。

Tonic Water
汤利水
Bubbly iced coffee sounds weird but also somewhat appealing, right? This combination, popular in places like Sweden, is made by pouring cold brew or espresso over tonic water and ice.
冒泡的冰咖听上去很诡异,但也确实吸引人心不是吗?这一混合咖啡在瑞典等地颇受欢迎,在汤力水里和冰块中加入冷滴或浓缩咖啡就可以制成。

Lemon or Lime
柠檬或青柠
The peel will get rid of the bitter flavors of your coffee and enhance its sweetness. Another myth suggests that a lemon peel can.
果皮可以除却咖啡的苦味,增益其甜度。另有一说是柠檬皮可以清洁牙齿。

Coca-Cola
可乐
The more caffeine the merrier. For the ultimate pick-me-up, pour some Coca-Cola into your iced coffee, making a drink that’s said to be similar to vanilla Coke. The mixture is sure to keep you awake throughout most of the day.
咖啡因越多越换了,要得到最佳提神效果,在冰咖里倒点可口可乐,据说这样类似香草可乐。这一混合饮品定让你全天清醒。

Vanilla Extract
香草提取物
Pure vanilla extract is a great replacement for any artificial sweeteners. Just a few drops of the stuff will sweeten your brew and add additional flavor minus all the fake preservatives in traditional flavor syrups.
纯香草提取物是任何人造甜味剂的绝佳替代品。煮好的咖啡里只需几滴,就可以增益风味,还不带任何传统风味糖浆里的人造防腐剂。

Sweetened Condensed Milk
浓缩甜牛奶
Sweetened condensed milk added to your coffee will make it sweeter and creamier, requiring no extra sugar. A traditional drink in Vietnam, it’s super easy to make and way cheaper than any of the lattes at Starbucks you usually get.
把浓缩甜味纽带加到咖啡里使得味儿更甜、奶味更足,还不用额外加糖。是越南传统音频,制作超简单,比你星巴克任何已被拿铁都便宜得多。

Peanut Butter
花生酱
Peanut butter will give your hot coffee a nutty, creamy taste and added protein to help make you feel fuller longer.
花生酱可以让热咖啡有坚果和奶油味口感, 所补充的蛋白质让你持续感到饱腹感。
声明:本双语文章的中文翻译系沪江英语原创内容,转载请注明出处。中文翻译仅代表译者个人观点,仅供参考。如有不妥之处,欢迎指正。

28 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》Hello,欢迎来沪江网校学习

新人福利!→→热门好课,0元任性学

咖啡已经越来越深入地融入中国人的生活了,特别是对于年轻一代来讲。

不过,大家是否都清楚咖啡的各种分类呢?拿铁、摩卡、卡普奇诺分别指的又是什么?

今天英语君就来科普一下这个问题~ 顺便普及一下和咖啡有关的英语词汇~

  1. Espresso 意式咖啡

又叫“蒸馏咖啡”、“浓缩咖啡”、“意式八倍浓缩”

是用浓缩咖啡机(espresso machine)萃取出的咖啡精华(coffee essence),每份都是很小的一杯,非常苦。

它的量词一般不用 cup,而用 shot。

现在很多咖啡店都用 espresso 作为咖啡底料,然后调配出其他种类的咖啡。

  1. Americano 美式咖啡

把1到2分意式咖啡(1-2 shots of espresso)加水稀释(dilute),就成了美式咖啡。

其实就是黑咖啡(black coffee)

据说 americano 这个名字最早是意大利人拿来挤兑美国人的,“喝咖啡居然要加水?”

  1. Black Coffee 黑咖啡

于是,现在为了和美式咖啡区别开,就专门把直接用咖啡豆、咖啡粉煮出来的咖啡叫黑咖啡。

  1. Latte 拿铁

在意式咖啡里加点牛奶,就成了拿铁。

完整名字应该是“咖啡拿铁”(coffee latte),因为 latte 在意大利语里就是“牛奶”的意思。

所以,

好多人第一次去星巴克的时候以为“红茶拿铁”是红茶味的咖啡,结果点来了发现就是杯奶茶。

话说,现在还流行一种和拿铁很像的奶咖,叫醇艺白或者平白咖啡(flat white),从根本上讲,就是奶加得少一点,更能体会咖啡本来的风味。

  1. Au Lait 欧蕾

一种来自法国的咖啡,欧蕾跟拿铁一样,是一种加牛奶的咖啡。只不过,它不是用意式咖啡做的,而是用普通的黑咖啡加奶,所以口味没那么浓烈。

和拿铁一样,au lait 也是个简称

全称是 coffee au lait(欧蕾咖啡)

au lait 在法语里的意思是“和奶”。

  1. Coffee Mocha/Mocha 摩卡咖啡/摩卡

在意式咖啡里,加入巧克力糖浆(chocolate syrup)和奶,再加上奶泡(milk foam)和巧克力碎屑(chocolate chips),就成了摩卡咖啡。

  1. Cappuccino 卡布奇诺

在拿铁的基础上再加上一层奶泡,就成了卡布奇诺。

正规的喝法是装在预先加热的陶瓷杯里(in a pre heated ceramic cup)。许多地方最后还会在顶上撒上巧克力粉(chocolate powder)。

它还有两个变种:

wet cappuccino / light cappuccino
湿/轻卡布奇诺:比一般的卡布奇诺加更多的奶。
dry cappuccino / dark cappuccino
干/黑卡布奇诺:比一般的卡布奇诺加更少的奶。

  1. Macchiato 玛奇朵

如果不往意式咖啡里面加奶,而是直接加一层奶泡,那就成了玛奇朵。

现在比较流行的喝法是在玛奇朵上面淋上一点东西,

比如焦糖(caramel),这样就成了焦糖玛奇朵(caramel macchiato)

玛奇朵通常是装在玻璃杯里的。

不过,现在国内的好多玛奇朵其实是拿铁玛奇朵,在浓缩咖啡的底下还倒了牛奶。

除此之外,

现在CostaCoffee还有一种常见的咖啡,叫:

可塔朵(Cortado)

从本质上讲就是迷你版的玛奇朵。

  1. Affogato 阿芙佳朵

这个词在意大利语里的意思是“淹没”。

所谓的阿芙佳朵,就是一份意式咖啡+一份冰激凌,两边是分开装的;吃的时候把热腾腾的意式咖啡倒在冰激凌上。

冰激凌通常装在一个小玻璃杯里,而意式咖啡装在一个带小嘴的陶瓷杯里,意大利人非常喜欢拿它当甜点。

现在比较流行的冰激凌口味有:

香草(vanilla)、摩卡、薄荷(peppermint)。

  1. Irish Coffee 爱尔兰咖啡

爱尔兰咖啡混合了一点神奇的东西:

爱尔兰威士忌(whiskey)

顶上还要加一层奶油。

嗯,是要加酒的,所以肯德基的爱尔兰雪顶咖啡并不是爱尔兰咖啡。

  1. Coffee Freddo 弗雷朵

弗雷朵这个名字听着很玄乎,其实它还有个更接地气的名字:

iced coffee(冰咖啡)

其实就是冰镇的甜意式咖啡,装在长玻璃杯里,通常加冰。

  1. Espresso Romano 罗马意式咖啡

也就是在一份意式咖啡旁边放一片柠檬(a slice of lemon)。

神奇的是,虽然这种咖啡叫罗马意式咖啡,但这种搭配在意大利不常见,在美国倒是很常见。

  1. Ristretto 蕊丝翠朵

又叫力士烈特、十六倍意式浓缩,顾名思义,就是两倍浓度的意式咖啡。

英语君的亲身体验:轻易不要尝试,心脏不好不要喝,有胃病的也不要喝,睡不着觉的更不要喝;一杯下肚能让你嗨到天荒地老。

OK~

总结了这么多,其实大家应该也发现了,各种咖啡基本上都是在5个元素之间玩花样:espresso、水、奶、奶泡、巧克力。

偶尔会有爱尔兰咖啡这种加酒的饮料乱入。

所以,有网友总结了一张很带感的图,可以概括大部分咖啡:

最后,

再送给大家一些形容咖啡的词汇:

香味 Aroma

A room full of the aroma of coffee always makes me happy.
一间弥漫着咖啡香味的房间总是让我感到快乐。

苦 Bitter

Some people find espresso too bitter. But I like it just that way.
有些人觉得意式咖啡太苦。但我就喜欢它那样。

发酸 Sour

My sister doesn’t like black coffee. She thinks they are sour.
我妹妹不喜欢黑咖啡。她觉得它们很酸。

清淡 Bland

Sometimes I like my coffee bland.
有时候,我喜欢喝清淡的咖啡。

温和 Mild

Au lait is a kind of French coffee which tastes mild.
欧蕾是一种口感温和的法式咖啡。

浓烈 Strong

A glass of real macchiato tastes pretty strong.
一杯真正的玛奇朵尝起来很浓烈。

异国情调的 Exotic

Irish coffee gives me an exotic feeling.
爱尔兰咖啡给我一种异国情调的感觉。

煮 Brew

I’m gonna brew some coffee. How would you like yours?
我去煮点咖啡。你想喝什么样的?

研磨 Grind

This bag is ground coffee beans. That one is whole grain coffee beans.
这一袋是磨碎的咖啡豆。那一袋整粒咖啡豆。

提神 Refreshing

A cup of coffee after lunch is very refreshing.
午饭之后喝杯咖啡真的非常提神。

话说大家最喜欢的咖啡是什么呢?

英语君最喜欢的是玛奇朵,不过并不喜欢焦糖玛奇朵,而是自己加薄荷糖浆。

最后,如果还想知道更多关于咖啡的知识,

不妨试听以下沪江网校的咖啡课程吧~ 由高级咖啡师亲自授课哦~

28 / 12 / 2020

星图注册官网《Q3249-1383 》Hello,欢迎来沪江网校学习

新人福利!→→热门好课,0元任性学

For many people, getting out of bed in the morning is no easy feat, and feelings of sleepiness can drag on long into the day ahead.
对许多人来说,早晨起床不太容易,而且一整天都会觉得昏昏欲睡。
You may automatically reach for a cup of coffee to fight these feelings off, but for those who don’t drink it or find the boost simply isn’t enough, researchers have compiled a list of alternatives.
你可能会无意识地用一杯咖啡来摆脱这种感觉,但是对那些不喝咖啡或觉得这种帮助完全不够的人来说,研究员为他们收集了一系列替代选择。

In a video from AsapScience, researchers have compiled a list of caffeine-free ways to improve your alertness and cognitive function in the morning.
在AsapScience的一则视频中,研究员收集了能在早晨提高你的警觉性及认知能力的一系列无咖啡因方法。
They suggest:
他们建议:

  1. Expose yourself to light
    1、让自己暴露在灯光下
    It’s important to ‘find the light’ in order to properly wake your body up.
    为了彻底唤醒你的身体,“找到光源”很重要。
    This can be done by opening the curtains, stepping outside, or even using an illuminating alarm clock if you have to wake up before the sun.
    可以拉开窗帘、走到外面去,甚至是,如果你必须在太阳升起前醒来,那就使用发光的闹钟。
    These alarm clocks aim to imitate a sunrise and slowly fill the room up with light.
    这些闹钟的目的是模仿日出,并慢慢地用光线填满房间。
    Exposure to light is an important part of waking up, as it is directly linked to the body’s production of melatonin.
    暴露在光线下是唤醒你的一个重要部分,它直接与身体中的褪黑激素分泌有关。
    Melatonin is a hormone secreted in the brain that plays a major role in regulating sleep.
    褪黑激素是大脑分泌的一种激素,在调节睡眠中起着重要作用。
    It’s produced when you are in darkness, and drops when exposed to sunlight.
    当你处于黑暗中,它就会产生,而暴露在阳光下它就会减少。
  2. End your shower with cold water
    2、用冷水淋浴
    The team also suggests capping off your shower with a blast of cold water.
    该团队还建议用冷水淋浴。
    This is said to activate the regions of your brain that regulate wakefulness, causing you to feel alert.
    据说激活你大脑中调节睡醒的区域,会使你警觉起来。
    And, researchers have found that the shock of a cold shower can increase your metabolic rate to cut down on feelings of fatigue.
    研究员发现冷水的冲击会提高代谢速率,从而减少疲劳感。
  3. Hydrate yourself
    3、为自己补水
    In another tip, they suggest drinking water first thing in the morning and throughout the day to stay hydrated.
    他们推荐的另一个方法是早晨起来先喝水,并且在一天里都要补水。
    While sleeping, you will sweat, breathe, and get up to use the bathroom, and these things all work to dehydrate the body.
    睡觉的时候,你会出汗、呼吸、起床去卫生间,所有的这些事都会使身体脱水。
    Even mild dehydration can take a toll, decreasing alertness and mental concentration, and contributing to fatigue.
    哪怕只是轻度脱水也能使警觉性和精神集中度降低,并导致疲劳。
  4. Eat a healthy breakfast
    4、吃健康的早餐
    It may come as no surprise, but they also stress the importance of eating a healthy breakfast. People who eat a meal in the morning have reported feeling more alert. For foods high in simple sugars, like donuts, the alertness will wear off quickly, and those high in fat will cause you to eat more throughout the day.
    这也许不足为奇,但他们也强调了吃健康早餐的重要性。据报道早晨吃早餐会使人的警觉性更高。那些富含单糖的食物,如甜甜圈,会使警觉性迅速消失,而那些富含脂肪的食物会使你一天里吃的更多。
    But meals high in fiber and carbohydrates like oats are linked to lasting alertness throughout the morning.
    但富含纤维和碳水化合物的早餐,如燕麦,会使你整个早晨都拥有持久的警觉性。
    These will suppress hunger and increase cognitive function.
    这些食品会压制饥饿感并提高认知能力。
  5. Drink orange juice
    5、喝橙汁
    Drinking orange juice will also give you a boost in the morning, they say, as citrus fruits are rich in flavonoids. Orange juice is said to increase alertness and cognitive function.
    喝橙汁也会在早晨起推动作用,他们指出,因为柑橘类水果富含类黄酮。据说橙汁能提高警觉性和认知能力。
    Researchers have linked flavonoids to slowing cognitive decline from aging and even decreased onset of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.
    研究员指出类黄酮与减缓衰老性认知减退有关,甚至会减少阿尔茨海默病这类神经退行性疾病的发作率。
  6. Be physically active
    6、锻炼身体
    Physical activity in the morning can also help to increase your mental performance and make you more alert, as it increases bloodflow and provides more oxygen to the brain.
    早晨进行体育锻炼也有利于提高你的精神表现,并且使你的警觉性更高,因为它能增加血流量并为大脑提供更多的氧气。
    During exercise, the hippocampus is highly active, and this region of the brain is responsible for learning and memory.
    在锻炼期间,海马区非常活跃,而大脑的这个部位负责学习和记忆。
  7. Listen to music
    7、听音乐
    Finally, the team suggests listening to music when you first get up.
    最后,该团队建议起床时先听音乐。
    Music can cause the pupils to dilate and increase blood pressure, inducing a ‘state of arousal.’
    音乐能使瞳孔扩大,并提高血压,使人达到“兴奋状态”。
    Listening to music also increases activity in the areas of the brain linked to movement and emotion, and can help to release dopamine to activate positive feelings.
    听音乐也能提高大脑中与运动和情感相关部位的活性,并且有利于多巴胺的释放,从而激活积极情绪。